Gynecomastia is a condition in which a boy or man develops excessive amounts of breast tissue. Enlarged breasts may occur in newborns or during puberty; in these cases, the condition tends to resolve itself over time. However, gynecomastia in men more often requires treatment such as breast reduction surgery. If you are considering breast reduction surgery, consult a plastic surgeon and learn more about the possible underlying causes of your condition.

Characteristics
A man with gynecomastia may feel discomfort from enlarged breasts, particularly while engaging in sports activities. Enlargement of the breast tissue may be present in either one or both breasts. It may occur due to excessive glandular tissue development, excessive accumulation of localized fat, or both factors.

Causes
Gynecomastia is caused by changes in hormone levels. Men naturally have both androgens—the male sex hormone—and estrogen, which is the female sex hormone. Unbalanced hormone levels can cause gynecomastia. The underlying causes of this issue can include puberty, aging, kidney failure, chronic liver disease, and use of anabolic steroids. Cancer treatments, recreational drugs, and prescription medications may also cause gynecomastia.

Complications
While gynecomastia itself may not be medically dangerous, it can cause severe emotional trauma in boys and men. Furthermore, it may be indicative of a more serious problem, such as breast cancer in men.

Treatment Options
Men who suffer from overdeveloped tissue in one breast, and symptoms such as soreness and nipple discharge should see a doctor to rule out breast cancer as a cause. Otherwise, patients may consider plastic surgery options. Liposuction is the commonly performed plastic surgery to reduce the amount of breast tissue. A breast reduction surgery may also include making the areola smaller and removing excess skin to tighten and firm the area.

Blackhawk Plastic Surgery offers the innovative vertical reduction technique for breast reduction surgeries, which means minimal scarring for our patients. To learn whether you could be a good candidate for breast reduction surgery, schedule a consultation by calling (925) 272-2464. Our highly qualified plastic surgeon will be happy to answer any questions you may have about gynecomastia and breast reduction surgery.